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Introduction of Asphalt Distributor Truck


Whole View of Asphalt Distributor Truck – Howo 12000 liters

Believe that you already have a fully knowledge of what a asphalt distributor truck looks like through above video.

And we will let you know more about this asphalt truck through following points:

Basic introduction of Asphalt Distributor Truck

An Asphalt Distributor Truck is a specialized vehicle designed for road construction and maintenance. It serves the crucial function of evenly applying hot asphalt onto road surfaces to create a smooth and durable roadway. These trucks feature a large tank to store liquid asphalt, a heating system to keep the asphalt at the right temperature, and a spray bar or nozzles for precise distribution. Operators control the flow and width of the asphalt spray to ensure consistent coverage. Asphalt Distributor Trucks play a vital role in the construction industry by facilitating the efficient and precise application of asphalt for road repairs and new pavement projects.

Structure and key parts of an Asphalt Distributor Truck

An Asphalt Distributor Truck consists of several key parts and components, each serving a specific function in the asphalt distribution process. Here’s an overview of the typical structure and key parts:

Chassis: The chassis forms the foundation of the truck and provides structural support for all the components. It’s usually a heavy-duty vehicle designed to carry the weight of the asphalt tank and other equipment.

Asphalt Tank: The asphalt tank is a large, insulated container that holds the liquid asphalt. It’s equipped with heating elements to maintain the asphalt at the proper temperature for application.

Heating System: To keep the asphalt at the required temperature, an asphalt distributor truck is equipped with a heating system. This can include burners, propane or diesel-fired heaters, or electric heating elements.

Spray Bar/Nozzles: The spray bar is a crucial component used to distribute the heated asphalt onto the road surface. It is typically mounted at the rear of the truck and can be adjusted for different widths and coverage patterns. Nozzles or spray tips are attached to the spray bar to control the flow and direction of the asphalt.

Pumping System: A pump, often a positive displacement pump, is used to circulate and distribute the asphalt from the tank to the spray bar. It ensures a consistent and controlled flow of asphalt during application.

Control Panel: The operator’s control panel is typically located in the truck’s cab. It allows the operator to regulate various functions such as the asphalt flow rate, heating temperature, and spray bar settings.

Aggregate Spreader (optional): Some Asphalt Distributor Trucks are equipped with an aggregate spreader to apply aggregate or chippings on top of the freshly sprayed asphalt, creating a chip seal surface for added durability and traction.

Safety Features: Safety features may include emergency shut-off valves, fire suppression systems, and temperature sensors to prevent accidents and ensure the safe operation of the equipment.

Storage Compartments: Trucks often have storage compartments for tools, safety equipment, and maintenance supplies.

Tires and Suspension: Heavy-duty tires and a robust suspension system are necessary to support the weight of the asphalt tank and ensure stability during operation.

Fenders and Mud Flaps: Fenders and mud flaps help protect the truck and surrounding vehicles from asphalt splatter and debris.

Lighting and Signage: Proper lighting and signage are essential for safety, especially when operating on public roads.


Asphalt Distributor Trucks vary in size and capacity, with some designed for smaller road maintenance tasks and others for large-scale construction projects. The key components mentioned above work together to efficiently heat, transport, and apply liquid asphalt onto road surfaces, ensuring the creation of smooth and durable roadways.

What kind of Asphalt it can be used in such asphalt distributor truck?

Asphalt Distributor Trucks are designed to handle various types of asphalt materials, primarily hot mix asphalt (HMA) and sometimes emulsified asphalt. These trucks are essential for the construction and maintenance of road surfaces. The type of asphalt used typically depends on the specific requirements of the project and the climate conditions in the region. Here are the common types of asphalt materials used in Asphalt Distributor Trucks:

Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA): This is the most common type of asphalt used in road construction. HMA consists of a mixture of heated asphalt cement (bitumen) and aggregate (such as crushed stone, sand, or gravel). Asphalt Distributor Trucks are equipped with heating systems to maintain the proper temperature of HMA during transportation and application.

Emulsified Asphalt: In some cases, especially for cold mix applications or when working in cooler temperatures, emulsified asphalt is used. Emulsified asphalt consists of asphalt cement suspended in water with the help of an emulsifying agent. Asphalt Distributor Trucks may have special systems to handle and spray emulsified asphalt effectively.

Polymer-Modified Asphalt: Polymer-modified asphalt incorporates polymers (plastic-like materials) into the asphalt binder to improve its performance characteristics. This type of asphalt is often used for high-stress applications, such as heavy traffic areas or in extreme weather conditions. Asphalt Distributor Trucks can handle polymer-modified asphalt as long as the heating and distribution systems are compatible.

Cutback Asphalt: Cutback asphalt is a type of asphalt that has been “cut back” with a petroleum solvent to reduce its viscosity and make it easier to work with. It’s used in situations where rapid curing is necessary, such as patching and sealing.

The choice of asphalt type depends on factors such as the climate, the specific project requirements, the type of road or surface being constructed or maintained, and local regulations. Asphalt Distributor Trucks are designed to handle these different types of asphalt materials, ensuring precise and controlled application onto road surfaces to create durable and safe roadways.

Brief introduction of basic models of asphalt truck brands in China

Chinese truck manufacturers like Dongfeng, Howo (Sinotruck), Shacman, Foton, Isuzu, FAW (First Automobile Works), and JAC (Jianghuai Automobile Co.) produce various models of asphalt distributor trucks for road construction and maintenance. Here’s a brief introduction to some basic models from these brands:

Dongfeng: Dongfeng offers a range of asphalt distributor trucks, with popular models like the Dongfeng DFL1250A. These trucks are known for their reliability and efficient asphalt distribution capabilities.

Howo (Sinotruck): Sinotruck, part of China National Heavy Duty Truck Group (CNHTC), produces asphalt distributor trucks under the Howo brand. The Howo 4×2 asphalt distributor truck is one of their notable models, designed for precise and controlled asphalt application.

Shacman: Shacman is known for its durable and robust trucks. They offer asphalt distributor trucks like the Shacman SX5165GLQ, designed to distribute asphalt evenly and efficiently.

Foton: Foton’s Auman brand includes asphalt distributor trucks that are versatile and suitable for various road construction tasks. The Foton Auman GTL 4×2 asphalt distributor is a well-regarded model.

Isuzu: Isuzu, a renowned manufacturer, produces asphalt distributor trucks designed for high performance and longevity. The Isuzu FTR series is one of their models used for asphalt distribution.

FAW (First Automobile Works): FAW offers asphalt distributor trucks known for their quality and advanced technology. The FAW J6P series includes models suitable for asphalt distribution.

JAC (Jianghuai Automobile Co.): JAC manufactures asphalt distributor trucks with models such as the JAC Junling series. These trucks are known for their cost-effectiveness and efficient asphalt distribution.

These Chinese truck brands provide a variety of options for asphalt distributor trucks, with different capacities, configurations, and features to meet the needs of road construction and maintenance projects. The choice of a specific model would depend on factors such as project requirements, budget constraints, and the desired level of technology and performance.

What other popular names of Asphalt Distributor Truck in the world

Asphalt Distributor Trucks are known by various names around the world, often reflecting regional terminology or brand-specific labels. Some popular alternative names for these vehicles include:

Bitumen Sprayer: This term is commonly used in many countries, especially in Europe and Asia, to refer to asphalt distributor trucks.

Bitumen Distributor: Similar to “bitumen sprayer,” this name is widely used, particularly in regions where the term “asphalt” is less common.

Tar Distributor: In some places, especially in the United Kingdom, the term “tar distributor” is still used, even though modern road surfaces use asphalt instead of tar.

Emulsion Sprayer: When the truck is designed specifically for emulsified asphalt, it may be called an “emulsion sprayer.”

Chip Spreader: In cases where the asphalt distributor truck is equipped with an aggregate spreader for chip sealing, it may be referred to as a “chip spreader.”

Seal Coat Truck: This term is often used in the context of applying seal coats or surface treatments to extend the life of existing road surfaces.

Road Paver: While this term is more commonly associated with larger machines used in road construction, it may sometimes be used for smaller asphalt distributor trucks.

Liquid Asphalt Distributor: A straightforward name that emphasizes the primary function of these trucks, which is to distribute liquid asphalt.

Asphalt Tack Coat Sprayer: When used for applying tack coats to promote adhesion between layers of asphalt, the truck may be referred to as a tack coat sprayer.

Pothole Patching Truck: In some cases, specialized asphalt distributor trucks are used for pothole repair and are referred to as pothole patching trucks.

The terminology can vary from country to country and region to region, so the specific name used for an Asphalt Distributor Truck may depend on local conventions and industry standards. However, the basic function of these vehicles, which is to distribute and apply asphalt or asphalt-related materials onto road surfaces, remains consistent regardless of the name.

How to operate an Asphalt Distributor Truck

Operating an Asphalt Distributor Truck requires careful attention to detail and adherence to safety protocols. Here is a general guide on how to operate such a truck:

Preparation and Inspection: a. Perform a pre-operation inspection of the truck, checking for any visible defects, leaks, or malfunctions. b. Ensure that all safety equipment, such as fire extinguishers and safety cones, is present and in good condition. c. Verify that the asphalt tank is filled with the appropriate type and temperature of asphalt. d. Ensure the heating system is functioning correctly.

Safety Procedures: a. Put on personal protective equipment (PPE), including high-visibility clothing, gloves, and safety glasses. b. Familiarize yourself with the emergency shut-off procedures in case of an accident or equipment failure. c. Ensure that the work zone is properly marked with cones, signs, and barricades to protect both workers and motorists.

Starting the Truck: a. Start the truck’s engine according to the manufacturer’s instructions. b. Engage the heating system to bring the asphalt to the required temperature for spraying.

Control Panel Setup: a. Set the asphalt flow rate and spray bar width on the control panel inside the cab. b. Adjust the heating temperature to maintain the asphalt within the specified temperature range.

Driving and Spraying: a. Drive the truck to the starting point of the asphalt application area. b. Begin spraying asphalt by activating the spray bar or nozzles at the desired width. c. Maintain a consistent speed to ensure an even distribution of asphalt on the road surface. d. Overlap each pass slightly to avoid gaps in coverage. e. Adjust the spray bar and flow rate as needed to match the width and thickness requirements of the project. f. Pay attention to any traffic or safety hazards while driving and spraying.

Monitoring and Control: a. Continuously monitor the asphalt flow, temperature, and distribution pattern. b. Make real-time adjustments to the flow rate and temperature to maintain quality and consistency.

Completion and Shutdown: a. Complete the asphalt application in accordance with project specifications. b. Turn off the spray bar and heating system. c. Drive the truck to a designated cleaning and maintenance area. d. Flush the system with a cleaning solution to prevent asphalt buildup. e. Perform post-operation checks and inspections, including cleaning and maintenance.

Documentation: a. Keep records of the amount of asphalt used, the area covered, and any issues encountered during the operation.

Safety During Shutdown: a. Before leaving the work area, ensure that all equipment is safely shut down and secured. b. Clean and store all equipment properly.

Maintenance: a. Regularly perform maintenance tasks as specified in the truck’s manual to keep it in optimal working condition.

Also here an video of how to operate an Asphalt Distributor Truck

(will add it soon…)


Operating an Asphalt Distributor Truck requires training and experience, as well as a thorough understanding of project requirements and safety protocols. Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions and consult with experienced operators or supervisors if you are new to operating this type of equipment.

More Answers & Questions of an Asphalt Distributor Truck  please turn to following link:

China Intelligent Liquid Bitumen / Asphalt Spraying Truck

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